Sunday, May 26, 2013
Briefly define stress and stressors. In what ways do individuals differ in their appraisal and ability to cope with life stressors? Are there certain personality traits that serve to buffer individuals against stressors and stress? Why or why not?
Stress is a reaction to a stimulus, which disturbs an individual's physical or mental equilibrium, endangers well-being, and shows up as psychophysiological disorders, physiological arousal, negative feelings, and illness, or maladaptive behaviors (Deckers, 2010). Stressors produce stress because they are experienced situations that are perceived as a threat to an individual’s well-being (Deckers, 2010). Coping with stressors is unique to each individual's personality, each individual differs in the ways that he or she copes with stressors or the techniques used to cope with stressors. Some individuals use a certain stress-reducing activity to cope whit stressors that works best for him or her, such as exercising, talking to others (friends or family) about the stressors, or just spending time with others, using meditation, listening to music, and even drinking. However, some individuals are unable to cope with stressors and suffer from depression or other health related problems.
Yes I do believe certain personality traits serve to buffer some individuals against stressors and stress. Personality traits are indeed important factors which determine how an individual cope with stressors ad stress (Deckers, 2010). The personality traits that can serve as buffers against stressors and stress are procrastination, sense of humor, and hardiness (Deckers, 2010). Personality traits serve as buffers because they enhance an individual's ability to cope with stressors and stress.
Deckers, L. (2010). Motivation: Biological, psychological, and environmental (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.