Sunday, November 3, 2013

What are the similarities and differences between Freud’s and Jung’s theories on personality? Which theory do you believe is more applicable and why?

     From their first meeting in Vienna in 1907, Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung became friends and colleagues. Jung was even an admirer of Freud before and after their meeting. Theoretical differences ended the close relationship between Freud and Jung. Therefore, several similarities and differences exist between Freud’s and Jung’s theories on personality. Freud and Jung both based their personality theories on the assumption that the psyche or mind has both an unconscious and conscious level (Feist & Feist, 2009). Another similarity between Freud and Jung was that both thought the content of dreams needed to be interpreted, which would enable the effective treatment of patients. The main difference between Freud and Jung was that Freud thought sex was the motivating factor for psychological disorders and pathologies; while Jung thought that individual creates ideas that he or she tries to manifest in him or herself, which are the archetypes within one's psyche.
     I think that Jung's theory is more applicable and sex is important but it is not the main driving force in human nature as Freud thought. Jung's theory is more flexible as for the development of personalities, while Freud's is more structured and one dimensional. 
Feist, J., & Feist, G. J. (2009). Theories of personality (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

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