Sunday, July 21, 2013
What specific options/programs are available for early childhood education? What are the benefits to each program? Are early childhood education programs beneficial for later development?
There are several specific options or programs available for early childhood education, such as child-centered programs (Montessori schools and Reggio Emilia schools) teacher-directed preschool programs, and intervention programs (head start). Each of these options or programs have several benefits. The benefits of Montessori schools are that they are child-centered, they emphasize individual achievement and pride, and they present work and tasks that children and perform. The benefits of Reggio Emilia schools are that they have a low child to teacher ratio, encourage children to be creative and fosters creativity and creative expression. The benefits of teacher-directed preschool programs are that they stress academics, children are given praise and other reinforcements are given to children for good behavior; while misbehavior is punished with brief separation from certain activities (Berger, 2011). The benefits of head start are that health and cognition of children are the goals and it helps disadvantaged children (Berger, 2011). Yes early childhood education programs are beneficial for later development. Children benefit from early education programs through improved learning, language, social skills, and prospects for the future (Berger, 2011).
ReferenceBerger, K. S. (2011). The developing person through the life span (8th ed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishers.