Wednesday, August 28, 2013

What is the difference between conditioned and unconditioned responses? Provide at least three examples of each type of response.

          In classical conditioning both conditioned and unconditioned responses occur. The difference between a conditioned response and an unconditioned response is that a conditioned response is a learned response to the previously neutral stimulus; while an unconditioned response is an unlearned response, which occurs naturally in response to an unconditioned stimulus. Basically, a conditioned response is a learned behavior and an unconditioned response is a response or a reflex. Examples of conditioned responses are the sound of an ice cream truck's music can trigger excitement in children, the sound of opening a bag of dog food can trigger excitement in a dog, and the smell of a certain cologne or perfume of an intimate partner can make an individual feel sexually of emotionally aroused. In these examples the behaviors are conditioned responses. Examples of unconditioned responses are jumping or ducking at the sound of a loud noise, jerking one's hand back after touching a hot oven, and after a bee sting gasping in pain. In these examples responses occur automatically and naturally.

Olson, M. H. & Hergenhahn, B. R. (2013). An introduction to theories of learning (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

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