Sunday, September 8, 2013

What implications do Piaget’s stages of development have on education?

          Piaget's stages of development had a major effect on education. Piaget’s stages of development are sensorimotor stage (occurring from birth to about two years of age), preoperational thinking (occurring from about two years of age to seven years of age), concrete operations (occurring from about seven years of age to eleven or twelve years of age), and formal operations (occurring from about eleven or twelve years of age to fourteen or fifteen years of age) (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2013). The educational implications of Piaget’s stages are that the focus should be placed the process of a child’s thinking, recognizing the role of a child’s self-initiated, active involvement in activities of learning, deemphasizing practices pinpointed at making a child adult-like in his or her thinking, and accepting individual differences in developmental progress (Slavin, 1991). Piaget's stages focused on the idea of developmentally appropriate education with materials, instruction, environments, and curriculum suitable for a child in terms of his or her emotional and social needs, and cognitive and physical abilities.
Olson, M. H. & Hergenhahn, B. R. (2013). An introduction to theories of learning (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Slavin, R.E. (1991). Educational Psychology: Theory and Practice (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

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