Saturday, June 1, 2013
Explain the different methods that are used to reveal and analyze basic emotions. Then select an emotion, and compare and contrast how each method would be used to uncover that emotion.
Concerning revealing and analyzing basic emotions, there are three different methods used which are category analysis of emotion words, evolution theory, and facial expressions. Category analysis of emotion words makes the assumption that words developed to describe the emotional experiences of individuals (Deckers, 2010). Therefore, certain words label a distinctly unique feeling in certain situations (Deckers, 2010). Evolution theory is based on an idea of emotions aiding in the survival of a species (Deckers, 2010). Deckers (2010), "a crucial event evokes a subjective emotional experience, which in turn increases the likelihood of a class of behaviors that promotes survival" (p. 318). Facial expressions is the method based on basic emotions having corresponding facial expression (Deckers, 2010). However, when there is no distinctive facial expression the corresponding subjective state should not considered an emotion (Deckers, 2010).
Category analysis of emotion words, evolution theory, and facial expressions can be used to uncover the emotion of happiness. Category analysis of emotion words uncovers words, such as sadness by making the assumption that it is used to describe the sad or unpleasant state of an individual. Evolution theory uncovers sadness of an individual by how he or she reacts to a situation that triggers one to feel sad. The facial expressions of sadness would show just how sad an individual is through unhappy facial expressions.
Deckers, L. (2010). Motivation: Biological, psychological, and environmental (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.