Sunday, December 22, 2013

Present an example of a Personality Disorder? What is the best way to explain the development of this disorder? What is the best way to treat this disorder?

          Personality disorders are disorders characterized by rigid and extreme personality traits, which cause impairment (Hansell & Damour, 2008). An individual with a personality disorder will behave in
a way that do not fit with socially normal standards, and do not have an ability to adapt his or her behaviors to best suit his or her environment. One example of a personality disorder is Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCD). Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder or (OCD) is a disorder, whereas patterns of preoccupation with perfectionism, control, and orderliness are at the expense of one's enjoyment, flexibility, and spontaneity (Hansell & Damour, 2008). One with OCD has an extreme need for control and order. OCD develops because of defense mechanisms, such as reaction formation, undoing, and isolation of affect. Reaction formation is a means of turning unacceptable impulses into their opposites in order to make them more acceptable (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Undoing is a means of magically counteracting unacceptable feelings by using symbolic rituals (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Isolation of affect is a means of separating emotions and thoughts to enable one to distance him or herself from painful feelings (Hansell & Damour, 2008).  The best way of treating OCD is psychodynamic interventions; focusing on the development of more so adaptive measures to manage emotions, which are warded off by the effects of reaction formation, undoing, and isolation defense mechanisms.
Hansell, J., & Damour, L. (2008). Abnormal psychology (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

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