Saturday, December 14, 2013

What is an example of a Somatoform Disorder? What role does nature and nurture play in the development of this disorder? What is the best way to treat this disorder?

           Somatoform disorders are disorders, whereas psychological factors, such as psychological stress are the cause of physical symptoms (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Individuals who suffer from somatoform disorders do not have any medical problems or concerns with his or her body but do experience physical disease or physical defect symptoms. Examples of somatoform disorders are conversion disorder, somatization disorder, pain disorder, hypochondriasis, and body dysmorphic disorder (Hansell & Damour, 2008). These disorders are associated with symptoms of physical pain with no physical evidence. 

          My belief of the role of nature and nurture in the development of somatoform disorders is that environmental factors play a major role in their development, and biological or genetic factors may be a factor as well. Researchers have provide evidence that points to a correlation of somatization disorder and experiences of sexually or physically abused (Hansell & Damour, 2008).  

          The best way to treat somatoform disorders is to possibly provide relief of the physical symptoms, which are the result of somatization disorders. However, the focus of treatment should be aimed at coping with stress and anxiety, therefore the use of antidepressant and antianxiety medications would be necessary.
Hansell, J., & Damour, L. (2008). Abnormal psychology (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

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