Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. American Psychological Association (2013), "the discipline embraces all aspects of the human experience — from the functions of the brain to the actions of nations, from child development to care for the aged" (para. 1). American Psychological Association (2013), "in every conceivable setting from scientific research centers to mental health care services, "the understanding of behavior" is the enterprise of psychologists" (para. 1).
What is stress? Why do some ethnic groups have higher stress levels than others? How do individuals manage stress?
Shiraev and Levy (2010), "the
realization of a challenge to a person’s capacity to adapt to inner and outer
demands is called stress" (p. 164). Stress is a response to psychological
and metal processes, and can pose a threat or challenge to an individual's
well-being. However, not all stress poses a threat to an individual's
well-being. Certain forms of stress enable an individual to better handle
particular situations at particular times. Stress may be related to one's
perception of loss or lack of control in his or her life. Certain ethnic groups
have higher stress levels because they have higher levels of chronic
psychological stress because cardiovascular disease, which includes
hypertension. Also certain ethnic groups have a higher impact of stress because
of other risk factors, such as high cholesterol and financial risk factors,
such as poverty. Certain individuals manage stress through stress-coping
therapeutic strategies, such as through meditation and exercise.
Shiraev, E. B. & Levy, D. A. (2010).
Cross-cultural psychology: Critical thinking and contemporary applications (4th
ed.). Boston: Pearson/Allyn Bacon.
Hicken, M. T., Lee, H., Morenoff, J.,
House, J. S., & Williams, D. R. (2014). Racial/Ethnic disparities in
hypertension prevalence: Reconsidering the role of chronic stress. American
Journal of Public Health, 104(1), 117-123. Retrieved from